TOP LOC 222023 LTE – Long Term Evolution

Welcome to the comprehensive course on "LTE Technologies: Architectures, Advancements, and Emerging Trends" offered in cooperation with the Medipol University in Istanbul /Turkey.

In the fast-paced world of wireless communication, Long-Term Evolution (LTE) has emerged as a cornerstone technology that powers our modern connectivity. From its origins as a groundbreaking fourth generation (4G) standard to its continual evolution and influence on future networks, this course will dive deep into the intricate realm of LTE technologies. Throughout this course, we will embark on an exploration of LTE's journey, from its inception to its transformative impact on wireless communication. We will dissect the underpinnings of LTE, unraveling the mechanics behind its Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) and Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) fundamentals. Our journey will take us through the physical and network architectures of LTE, enabling us to understand the core components that enable its exceptional performance.

Target Group

Engineers, Technicians and Administrators

Your Benefits

Upon successful completion of this course, you will be able to:

  • Trace the Evolution of Wireless Technologies:
    • Analyze the historical progression from 1G to 4G, comprehending the technological advancements that have reshaped wireless communication.
  • Decipher Cellular Network Basics:
    • Evaluate the fundamental cellular concepts, including re-use, interference, and hand-off mechanisms.
    • Deconstruct the basic cellular architecture and comprehend key terms such as spectral efficiency, capacity, and cellular traffic.
  • Unravel LTE Essentials:
    • Explore the foundation of LTE technology, including OFDM and MIMO basics.
    • Navigate the LTE PHY structure, network architecture, and resource allocation strategies.
  • Master Advanced LTE Topics:
    • Grasp intricate techniques like carrier aggregation, retransmission protocols, scheduling, and full-dimension MIMO.
    • Analyze access procedures, control signaling, and timing advance in complex LTE scenarios.
  • Explore Emerging Paradigms:
    • Evaluate CoMP and its role in inter-cell interference coordination.
    • Delve into Dual Connectivity architectures and the impact on scheduling and PHY layer.
  • Dive into Small Cells and HetNets:
    • Investigate the challenges posed by interference in HetNets and strategies for partitioning and coordination.
  • Understand the landscape of unlicensed spectrum and License-Assisted Access.
  • Master Relaying and Positioning:
    • Analyze the concept of relays in LTE and their architectural implications.
    • Comprehend the significance of positioning and location-based services in modern wireless applications.


Instructor Leader Led/ILL: Physical classroom environment

Key Features

  • History of wireless from 1G to 4G overview
    • Technology evolution
    • Applications
    • Performance metrics
    • Spectrum usage and wireless spectrum
    • Unlicensed and shared spectrum
  • Cellular basics
    • Cellular concept (re-use and interference)
    • Basic cellular architecture
    • Hand-off
    • Spectral efficiency, capacity, and cellular traffic
    • Multiplexing and duplexing
    • Resource allocation
  • LTE basics overview
    • OFDM basics
    • MIMO basics
    • LTE PHY structure
    • LTE network architecture
    • Throughput calculation (giving examples for WiFi and LTE)
    • New scenarios and requirements
  • LTE PHY resources
    • Lattice structure
    • Duplex schemes ,
    • Carrier aggregation
  • Retransmission protocols
    • H-ARQ
    • Radio link control
  • Scheduling and rate adaptation
    • Scheduling strategies
    • Semi-persistent scheduling
    • Scheduling for half-duplex FDD
    • Discontinuous reception
  • CSI and full dimension MIMO
    • CSI reports
    • Interference estimation
    • CQI
    • Rank indicator and precoder matrix indicator
    • Full-dimension MIMO
  • Access Procedures
    • Acquisition and cell search
    • Random Access
    • Paging
  • CoMP – coordinated multi-points (CRAN)
    • Inter-cell interference coordination
    • Multi-point coordination/transmission
  • Dual Connectivity
    • Architecture
    • PHY impact
    • Scheduling
  • Small cells and HetNets
    • Interference in HetNets
  • Unlicensed spectrum and license-assisted access
    • Spectrum for LAA
    • Wi-Fi basics
  • Relaying
    • Relays in LTE
    • Architecture
  • Positioning
    • Positioning and location-based services


- 4G, LTE-Advanced Pro and The Road to 5G by Erik Dahlman, Stefan Parkvall, Johan Skold
- LTE-Advanced: A Practical Systems Approach to Understanding 3GPP LTE Releases 10 and 11 RATs by Sassan Ahmadi


Dates on request / Language: English, Turkish


10 Days


Dates on request / Language: English, Turkish

Customized training

We tailor the content and duration of the trainings according to your individual needs.


TOP Certification

Contact Person

Natalie Frisch

+49 911 40 905 303

+49 163 8528013